The Warm Fuzzy Moral Center of the Post-Apocalypse (On Pacifism and The Walking Dead)

I’VE BEEN WATCHING AMC’s The Walking Dead for a little over five seasons now, and one thing I’ve noticed about the show is that you never want to become the moral center of the group. It’s almost a guarantee that by the end of the mid-season finale your character will be dead.

Dale
Hershel
Bob
Tyreese

Andrea, kinda towards the end.

 

55903-andrea-i-know-how-the-safety-w-cmtd

 

I’ve also learned that in the post-apocalypse to never be the peacemaker. The worst thing you can do in the post-apocalypse is to suggest that living beings should live together peacefully. Or that it’s wrong to kill people.

Don’t that it or your character will end up like this:

 

prison graves

 

You see, the world the characters of The Walking Dead inhabit is a zombie-infested Hobbesian dystopia – it is a war of all against all, a war with both the living and the dead.

 

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It is a world where Thrasymachean might-makes-right often determines who survives to live another day.

 

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There’s something else that even the casual The Walking Dead might notice – though the world of The Walking Dead is nasty, brutish, and short, somehow in the midst of all the violence, a pacifist *sometimes* emerges.
And as one may assume, in The Walking Dead, this is not a good thing.

So what, you say, does peacemaking get you in The Walking Dead?

 

t7r2kqb

 

Former farmer, veterinarian, and father to Beth and Maggie, Hershel Greene wanted to resolve the group’s conflict with The Governor with negotiation rather than with war.

And this was how Hershel was rewarded for his effort

 

hershel's death

 

Deceptively tough-looking Tyreese had no desire to kill the living or the dead.

This is what happened to Tyreese.

 

Tyreese_Dead

HE’S DEAD, IN CASE YOU HADN’T NOTICED

 

Original moral center Dale argued against the group executing the prisoner Randall, even though Randall posed a significant threat to the safety of the group

And you know what happened to Dale, right?

You guessed it.

 

dale death

 

The Walking Dead is definitely a nice guys finish last sort of thing.

 

46db3a90-5302-11e4-b731-c7cb78bd5f65_you-re-gonna-die

 

Now, the formerly long-lost Morgan’s “all life is precious” ethic is quickly making him persona non grata in Alexandria.

 

mike2bnesmith2bnobody2blikes2byou

 

Although the real world often celebrates those who want peace for all at all times, in The Walking Dead those who refuse to kill can become a serious problem – even a threat to others.

 

rick and michonne on morgan

AN ACTUAL CONVERSATION BETWEEN RICK AND MICHONNE ABOUT MORGAN

 

You see, it’s all about consequences.

Tyreese’s anti-violence ethic not only endangered his own life, but also endangered the lives of others. When Tyreese also fails to kill Martin, who threatens the life of baby Judith, Martin later joins Gareth and the other Terminus survivors who capture Bob.

And eat his leg.

 

bob's leg

THIS MIGHT HAVE NOT HAPPENED IF TYREESE HAD KILLED MARTIN….ALTHOUGH BOB WOULD HAVE DIED ANYWAY

 

Eventually, Bob and Tyreese are done in by zombie bites.

 

twd-better

 

But now, a new problem pacifist has arrived to disrupt the violent world of The Walking Dead.

Morgan.

 

walking-dead-premiere-morgan

 

Morgan Jones, introduced along with his son, Duane, in the series’ opening episode “Days Gone Bye”, saves Rick Grimes after Rick awakes from a coma. Morgan teaches Rick the rules for surviving the zombie apocalypse (Rule #1: don’t get bit) and the two men part company, only to be reunited in the Season 3 episode “Clear”.

Needless to say, when the two men find each other again, Morgan is a bit different.

He’s batshit crazy.

 

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Morgan is possessed by the notion that he must “clear” – to kill every being he encounters – man, woman, or child, living or dead.

 

morgan is crazy

MORGAN TRIES TO KILL RICK, NOT ONLY DEMONSTRATING THAT HE’S INSANE, BUT ALSO SUICIDAL

 

After Morgan attempts to “clear” Rick, Carl, and Michonne –

Wait. Let me stop right here for a sec.

You may have noticed that I am referring to characters without describing them or to situations without context. If you, reading this, is unfamiliar with The Walking Dead, I suggest that you see the Wikipedia/Wiki article on the TV series The Walking Dead (See: http://walkingdead.wikia.com/wiki/The_Walking_Dead_(TV_Series).

If you are indeed familiar with the series, this brief recap should be old hat.

 

back to our programming

 

After Morgan attempts and fails to “clear” Rick, Michonne, and Carl, Rick and his companions leave Morgan (but not without stocking up on some guns and ammo) and head back to the prison, leaving Morgan to “clear” on his own.

The next time we see Morgan, it’s Rick who is doing the clearing

-specifically, clearing the abusive husband of Rick’s would-be love interest, Jessie.

 

60e03870-c5e1-0132-4599-0ebc4eccb42f

 

Viewers cheered at the reunification of Rick and Morgan, and eagerly awaited the badassery to come from two of the badassenest characters on The Walking Dead.

There was only one problem with this coming to fruition.

Morgan had gone pacifist.

 

weirdwednesday-italian-spiderman-357009

 

Although absolute pacifism may be an unheard of (or even unreasonable) idea in the zombie apocalypse, the practice of living a life according to the principle of non-violence is, in our zombie-free world, an age-old philosophical tradition.

Pacifism is the (sometimes absolutist) argument that

 

all forms of violence, war and/or killing is unconditionally wrong and conflicts which may arise should be dealt with through arbitration and compromise rather than with recourse to violent means. (IEP).

Pacifism is encouraged in the New Testament of the Bible. In Chapter five of Gospel of Matthew, Jesus announces “blessed are the peacemakers.” Jesus also instructs his followers to “love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.”

 

The Bible also instructs us to “turn the other cheek”.

 

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The list of notable pacifists is quite extensive, including: the Dalai Lama, Albert Einstein, Mahatma Gandhi, George Bernard Shaw, John Lennon, Leo Tolstoy, Martin Luther King, Jr., Nelson Mandela, Mother Theresa, and Helen Keller.

john-lennon-photo

THE SAME MAN WHO WROTE “HAPPINESS IS A WARM GUN” ALSO WROTE “IMAGINE”. WAIT A MINUTE — WAS HE TALKING ABOUT SHOOTING SOMETHING BESIDES BULLETS?

 

On the small screen, Morgan’s pacifism presents a problem for some viewers, namely because A) Morgan is a badass and we want to see him do some killing, and 2: As we’ve seen, characters who preach peace don’t live for very long.

Let’s not forget this is what happened to the last guy who tried to be the peaceful moral center of the zombie apocalypse:

 

zombie_hershel_head

 

It’s soon revealed that Morgan’s new pacifist philosophy isn’t something that Morgan cooked up on his own, but acquired from the teachings of forensic psychologist turned part-time goat cheese maker and Aikido master named Eastman.

 

eastman

 

Viewers don’t have to do much figuring out things to realize that the name “Eastman” seems to coincide with his Eastern philosophy.

Eastman’s name is also nearly as obvious a name as Porkins in Star Wars.

 

PorkinsHasAProblem(BesidesObesity)-ANH

SERIOUSLY, GEORGE LUCAS!? THE GUY’S NAME IS PORKINS?!?!?

 

Eastman practices the Japanese martial art Aikido, which focuses on defense rather than on an attack. Over time, Eastman rehabilitates Morgan, who he determines is suffering from PTSD and eventually cures Morgan of his urge to “clear”. As a part of Morgan’s treatment, Eastman shows Morgan a book on the philosophy of Aikido, “The Art of Peace”, in which contains the passage:

“Aikido means not to kill. Although nearly all creeds have a commandment against taking a life, most of them justify killing for one reason or another. In Aikido, however, we try to completely avoid killing even the most evil person.”

Most importantly, Eastman tells Morgan he’s found a way to inner peace. He tells Morgan:

 

eastman never kill again

 

So, when Morgan is unwilling to kill other living humans, even when a murderous group called the Wolves launch a deadly attack on Alexandria, he holds fast to his personal philosophy, which is, as Morgan explains to Daryl, the belief that

 

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In “Ethics of War”, Clifford Simmons says:

I could not stand aside from the experiences of others… I still believed that the position of the pacifist was ultimately right but I was beginning to realize that, at the same time, I could not stand aside from the struggle which was engulfing my contemporaries

 

It certainly seems that Morgan is willing to stand aside, even in the face of evil. Morgan definitely believes that his pacifist ethic of not killing is the only morally correct way to live. It isn’t just Aikido that tells us that killing is morally impermissible. The Ten Commandments explicitly dictates that “Thou shalt not kill”.

But is intentional killing always immoral?
Well, that depends on where your ethics are coming from.

 

wait the zombie

 

The nature of our (or Morgan’s) pacifist philosophy is rooted in what system of ethics we (or Morgan) adheres to: For instance, are we acting from Kantian or Biblical duty-based ethic or from utilitarian principles?
When considering the pacifist path, we must decide which moral rules outweigh others. We (or Morgan) must weigh our duty to others and our (or Morgan’s) duty to preserve life versus the consequences of either taking a life or allowing a potentially dangerous person to live. Morgan decides that the moral rule “all life is precious” not only outweighs the “necessity” to kill the Wolves to protect Alexandria, but that the consequences of letting some of the Wolves go (another potentially deadly attack) is worth holding to his ethical principle.

 

rick and morgan

I’M GETTING REAL TIRED OF YOUR SHIT, MORGAN

 

The philosopher Edmund Burke (1729-1797) states, “the only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing”.

The thing is, Morgan is not totally against violence, just killing. He’ll still beat the holy hell out of people.

 

Morgan-Fights-a-Wolf-in-The-Walking-Dead-Season-6-Episode-2

MORGAN BEATING THE EVER-LOVING POOP OUT OF A GUY WHO IS PROBABLY WISHING THAT MORGAN HAD ACTUALLY KILLED HIM

 

That makes Morgan kind of not completely pacifist.

Not completely pacifist or not, Morgan is adheres so strongly to his not-quite-so pacifist ethic that he fails to see the dire consequences of his actions.

This is because Morgan is focused on duty rather than to consequences.
Ok. Sure, we can’t necessarily fault Morgan for having morals. Or that he’s acting from a sense of duty. Or even for being a pacifist. However, the problem with Morgan and his pacifist ideology boils down to this:

 

the-law

 

Before arriving at Alexandria, Morgan encounters a couple of Wolves, who he chooses to spare instead of kill. The Wolves clearly have intentions of killing Morgan. Their attempt at killing Morgan is foiled due only to Morgan’s excellent skills with a bow staff.

 

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Morgan’s failure to kill the Wolves he encountered sets off a chain of (unintended) consequences that ultimately result in the deaths of several Alexandrians, including Rick Grimes. This happens because, as we’ve been told, Morgan believes that

 

twd-finale-4-1427716209

 

  • Some fans of The Walking Dead may have observed that Morgan’s pacifist philosophical view is an odd choice for Morgan, considering that he had previously failed to put down his zombie wife, Jenny, who later attacked their son. Morgan stated that his mistake was that he had not put down his wife as if there wasn’t going to be “a reckoning”.

 

The chain of (unintended) consequences of Morgan’s (somewhat) pacifism goes a little like this:

  • Morgan encounters the Wolves. In particular, this guy:

 

this guy

 

And this guy:

 

injured wolf before

 

  • but because Morgan believes all life is precious he does not kill them, even after the Wolves attack him.
  • The Wolves, in turn, find Aaron’s bag containing pictures of Alexandria.

 

aaron's pics

THAT MOMENT WHEN YOU REALIZE THAT THE GUYS WHO JUST ATTACKED YOUR TOWN HAVE YOUR PHOTOS OF THE PLACE WHERE YOU LIVE

 

  • Based on the information in Aarons bag, the Wolves raid Alexandria.
  • Where they proceed to viciously attack and murder the people of Alexandria.

 

xgtclvw

 

  • During the attack, Morgan allows one of the Wolves to escape with a gun.

 

this guy 2

THIS GUY AGAIN

 

  • That Wolf, in turn, almost successfully uses the gun to kill Rick.

 

rick and the wolf

 

 

At this point, it’s kind of fair to place some of the blame for the attack on Alexandria on Morgan’s ethic. And it’s not unreasonable to argue, at least on a utilitarian scale, that although Morgan is motivated by a sense of duty to respect all life, his actions have done more harm than good. Morgan’s actions clearly have endangered the lives of his fellow survivors

Perhaps Michonne is correct when, in the Season 3 episode “Clear” she observes that Morgan is “dangerous”?.

  • To make matters worse, Morgan is secretly keeping a mortally injured member of the Wolves in a home that serves as a makeshift prison.

 

injured wolf after

THIS GUY, TOO. AGAIN

 

In what is sure to result in another series of horrific consequences, rather than kill the Wolf outright, Morgan has allowed the Wolf to live.

 

disturbing fact

 

We can only imagine the extent of the death and destruction that‘s going to happen if – rather, when the injured Wolf dies and becomes a zombie.

 

 

Certainly all of it will be unintended.

 

 

 

 

 

SOURCES:

http://www.iep.utm.edu/pacifism/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I F@&#ING LOVE PHILOSOPHY

philosophers vs welders

 

 

I’VE BEEN WRITING The Mindless Philosopher blog for some time now. And I’m not ashamed to say that after one book and years of blogging that I have developed a true love of wisdom. I have more philosophy books on my bookshelf than any other genre of literature.

It wasn’t always the case, though.

My first intellectual love wasn’t philosophy. It was politics.

I LOVED politics.

The mere thought of a presidential election cycle gave me the all over tinglies.

However, my love of all things political eventually faded and I found happiness with another, older, love

PHILOSOPHY.

 

From the moment I read my first line of Hume, I was hooked. I’ve been through Kant and Russell. Descartes and Kierkegaard. Aristotle and Kripke. I truly believe that there’s no greater intellectual satisfaction than actually understanding Hegel.

I can’t put it any other way than to say

 

i fucking love philosophy

 

This is why it distresses me so much to hear practitioners of my first love speak with such harshness towards something I hold so dear to my heart.

On November 10, 2015, during the Republican Presidential debate, Florida Senator, Marco Rubio said:

 

Rubio debate 1

 

Needless to say, I took the Senator’s sentiments personally.

I was perplexed. Hurt. I sat and stared at my TV set, baffled by what I had just seen.

 

my-mad-fat-diary-rae-what-face

 

Rubio’s inexplicable attack on philosophers was not his first, nor was Senator Rubio’s comment the only anti-philosopher sentiment expressed during the debate. Senator Ted Cruz (R, Texas), asserted that the Federal Reserve is being run by “a series of philosopher kings.” Said Senator Cruz

What the fed is doing now, it is a series of philosopher kings trying to guess what’s happening to the economy.

tumblr_nangn827x01rfduvxo1_250

 

The candidates might have talked all about budgets and foreign policy, but for me, the overwhelming message I took from the debate was

 

philosophy

 

I could have gotten angry about what I believed was straight-up philosophy bashing. I didn’t though. I didn’t because I think I know what Senator Rubio is trying to get at.

Assuming that Senator Rubio isn’t just on an anti-philosopher kick, the Senator is expressing his frustration over the fact that our culture does not value manual labor. We over value occupations where people talk and pontificate (and in some cases, literally don’t produce anything) over occupations where people actually do things – make stuff.

 

stuff2band2bthings

 

Truth be told, Plato’s philosopher-king doesn’t really bother himself with manual tasks.

 

cm-52261-05130280d33ed6

 

The problem with pursuing a college degree in philosophy, according to the philosophy non-enthusiasts, is that students take out loans to study subjects that seemingly have no prospects for occupations in the “real” world or outside of academia. They leave university swamped with student loan debt that they are unable to pay (because the lack of professional philosopher gigs). This is a burden not only on individuals, but also on the economy.

 

philosophers-famous-photos-wife1

 

The perception that philosophy is a surefire path to poverty is why there’s been a push among educators to direct students into the STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) fields, with the intention of producing students who will be competitive in the international job market and secure the nation’s economic prosperity.

 

phil pic 124

THIS IS WHY YOUR TEACHERS WANT YOU TO LEARN GEOMETRY

 

 

The belief that philosophy is not a economically viable career is why politicians want to see students to learn how to do this:

 

computer engineer

 

Instead of doing this:

 

philosophers under tree.jpg

 

Ok, you know how I said that Senator Rubio’s sentiments weren’t complete bullshit?

Well, of course, saying something isn’t complete bullshit suggests the possibility that something may be just a little bit bullshit.

And in this case, that happens to be true.

There’s a noticeable bit of bullshit to what Senator Marco Rubio said.

 

rubio grammar

THERE CERTAINLY WAS SOME BULLSHIT. AND NOT JUST RUBIO’S BAD GRAMMAR

 

You see, there’s something that Senator Marco Rubio is forgetting, namely, the fact that philosophy is the mother of many disciplines. The first politicians were philosophers. You’d be one hell of an idiot to dismiss how PHILOSOPHERS like Plato, Aristotle, Mill, Locke, Hobbes, Edmund Burke, Adam Smith, Bentham, Rousseau, Marx, Ayn Rand, John Rawls (and many other philosophers) have shaped and influenced political institutions and political discourse.

 

Senator Rubio can’t neglect the fact that American statesmen – and philosophers – Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Thomas Paine did better for the country by pursuing philosophical contemplation rather than taking up a career in welding.

 

thomas jefferson. philosopher

Ummmm…… yeah

 

Philosophy, as Jefferson was well aware, stresses critical thinking – an essential element for a lasting democracy.

Thomas Jefferson declared

“wherever the people are well-informed they can be trusted with their own government.”

It’s not unreasonable to assume that a well-informed people, in Jefferson’s view, are also a contemplative people. People who use their faculties to reason when casting their votes.

 

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And let’s not forget that Leo Strauss, the father of Neo-Conservatism, a political view Senator Rubio is quite familiar with, was a philosophy professor at University of Chicago.

 

strauss-large

ON SECOND THOUGHT, MAYBE STRAUSS SHOULD HAVE TAKEN UP WELDING

 

Seriously, even economists started out as philosophers.

 

download (11)

 

Philosophy’s mark can be found in many fields including medicine, psychology, mathematics, even physics.

Now that I’m thinking of it, Senator Rubio’s fellow republican presidential contender, Carly Fiorina, is a philosophy major. Fiorina received her philosophy degree from Stanford University in 1976.

 

 

qbmmxuo

 

Seriously, the real reason why Senator Rubio’s comments are more than a tad bit on the bullshit side, is because what he said just isn’t true.

Philosophy, despite beliefs to the contrary, can be a economically viable career.

 

money-gif

 

And not just for those in academia.

 

Check out this graph:

philosopher vs welder 2

 

And this pie chart:

welders vs. philosophers

 

Professional philosophers earn on average, $71,000/yr. versus the average $40,000 yearly salary earned by professional welders. The average salary over time for a worker with bachelor’s degree in philosophy is nearly $100,000 per year.

In addition to not-too-shabby yearly earnings, philosophy majors earn high (if not the highest scores) on exams, including the Law Schools Admission Test (LSAT), Graduate Management Admissions Test (GMAT) and the Graduate Record Examination (GRE).

 

power of philosophy

 

And it’s not like philosophers just sit under a tree, being broke all day, contemplating their big toe. Philosophers aren’t limited to just being philosophers. There are many successful folks with philosophy degrees in fields outside of philosophy.

 

Paypal co-founder Peter Thiel has a degree in philosophy.

peter thiel

 

As does LinkedIn co-founder Reid Hoffman.

 

reid hoffman

 

And Flickr co-founder Stewart Butterfield.

 

stewart butterfield

 

And Wikipedia co-founder Larry Sanger.

larry sanger

 

And activist investor Carl Icahn.

 

carl icahn

 

So does billionaire George Soros.

 

george soros

 

U.S. Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer also has a degree in philosophy.

 

stephen breyer

 

Pope John Paul II also majored in philosophy.

 

pope john paul II

 

And you can’t get any more successful than that.

 

txtvbdl

 

*For a more comprehensive list of successful philosophy majors see: 

http://www.apaonline.org/?whostudiesphilosophy

 

If you think about it, the point of the welder-philosopher conflict isn’t that we should praise one and discourage the other, but that we should appreciate both.

 

85833-is-it-too-much-to-ask-for-both-2yvg

 

Yes, the world needs welders. A lot of them. Vocational work is not only necessary but also valuable work. But so is philosophy. Philosophy is essential to the kind of life we should want to live.

 

socrates johnson

BE HONEST. THIS IS THE KIND OF LIFE YOU WANT TO LIVE, ISN’T IT?

 

Society needs people who will question, analyze; argue. Philosophy teaches critical thinking and intellectual clarity. Philosophy empowers us to understand not just the foundations of our political institutions, but also to examine our moral choices and the moral implications of what we do (by the way, ethics is a branch of philosophy). Philosophers ponder life’s big questions.

 

giphy

 

Even theology can’t escape the influence of philosophy. Many theologians, past and present, were and are also philosophers.

 

thomas aquinas

WE’RE PRETTY SURE THAT THE REASON WHY SUMMA THEOLOGICA WAS NEVER FINISHED HAD SOMETHING TO DO WITH ST. THOMAS AQUINAS’ OBSESSION WITH WELDING

 

Really, in the end, folks, there’s no rule that says that a person can’t be a welder and a philosopher.

 

ThinkerWelderWeb

 

Some folks might think that the economy-er… world would be better off with less philosophers, but I say that’s just a load of poppycock. Being a philosopher doesn’t mean that one looks down from their academic ivory tower, scoffing at all the not-deep thinking people who work with their hands and take their showers after they come home from work. Nor does being a welder mean that a person can’t enjoy reading Plato and contemplating the meaning of life. I may be going out on a limb here, but I’ll say, with more than a little bit of certainty, that there at least a few welders out there who would join me when I proclaim that I – I mean, WE FUCKING LOVE PHILOSOPHY.

 

 

 

 

SOURCES:
http://www.vox.com/2015/11/10/9709948/marco-rubio-philosophy-welder

http://thinkprogress.org/politics/2015/11/10/3721387/why-marco-rubio-owes-philosophy-majors-an-apology/

http://dailynous.com/2015/09/04/salaries-of-philosophy-majors-over-time/

http://www.techinsider.io/insanely-successful-philosophy-majors-2015-11