My Pal Trigger

I’D LIKE TO THINK I’ve got a pretty high tolerance for most things.

That is to say, I like to fancy myself as someone who isn’t easily offended.

I’ve seen Faces of Death. I’ve watched Cannibal Holocaust.

2 Girls 1 Cup.

Googled “blue waffle”.

I’ve read William S. Burroughs, Henry Miller, and the Marquis de Sade.

Watched Divine eat dog shit in Pink Flamingos and laughed.

pink-flamingoes

PROBABLY GONNA STICK TO STILLS ON THIS ONE

I can watch binge watch documentaries about spree killers and terrorists. I can waste an entire Saturday afternoon watching Forensic Files without being the least bit bothered about stories of kidnappings, rapes, murders, and all the horrible things people do to one another that sometimes makes me wish I’d been born a cat.

These things should offend me. But instead I was all like…

497eb-cnr_meh

Under any other set of circumstances, I would take some pride in my high tolerance for offensive things. There’s a tendency in people to assume that the things that don’t bother me do not bother other people. However, I’ve come to realize that this isn’t the case.

Some people are really offended by the things that don’t offend me.

So much so that they need to be told that what they’re about to see may be upsetting.

So much so that they need a trigger warning.

Print

What’s a trigger warning? If you haven’t been on or near a college campus lately, a trigger warning is

a statement at the start of a piece of writing , video, etc., alerting the reader or viewer to the fact that it contains potentially distressing material (often used to introduce a description of such content).
– Google

A trigger warning is supposed to forewarn a person of upsetting content.

I get the point of trigger warnings.

Cautioning people about content that may be offensive is nothing new. Content advisories are all over popular media. We got parental advisory stickers on music and video games. MPAA ratings on films and ratings on TV shows.

635782417447752457-725759287_parental-advisory-explicit-content-tshirt-logo

YOU CAN TOTALLY THANK PRINCE FOR THESE STICKERS

One of my favorite movies, ReAnimator, had a warning on its commercial. The commercial cautioned people who are squeamish to avoid watching the film.

As a fan of ReAnimator I would say that the warning is totally necessary.

tumblr_mbwnfkclne1qb0im5o6_500

YEAH. I CAN UNDERSTAND WHY THEY’D WARN PEOPLE ABOUT THIS MOVIE

So, if the purpose of trigger warnings is utilitarian – we’re motivated by the want to do good – an inconvenience (of some) is outweighed by the overall good a trigger warning produces.

Personally, I appreciate the fact that we’re concerned for people who have sensitivities on certain topics. Giving someone a heads up probably is a good thing.

So why is everybody so upset about trigger warnings?

Unfortunately for the well-intended, looking out for the sensitivities of others hasn’t been received as warmly as their intentions. Trigger warnings, like their also well-intentioned cousin, safe spaces, have been described as political correctness gone amok.

Political correctness, or rather, how much political correctness sucks, leads folks like actor, Libertarian, and former mayor of Carmel, California, Clint Eastwood, to say this:

clint eastwood quote
As the saying goes, the road to hell is paved with good intentions and not all good intentions give good outcomes.

Some folks think that trigger warnings, despite the best of intentions, have done more harm than good.

Alright, we can agree that warnings may be useful, but does that mean they’re a good thing?

Does the fact that someone is sensitive to certain subjects necessitate that we (ought to) warn them that the content of the material is about that subject?

How obligated are we to mind that we don’t offend everybody? To what extent are we morally obligated to not offend?

You don’t have to politically incorrect to think that trigger warnings don’t belong in a college classroom or anywhere else.

trigger-warning

You could be a philosopher.

Here’s a thought experiment: We are a professor teaching a Women’s Studies class at a university.

Yes, we.

We also assume that we have at least one student who has experienced a trauma and will react in a particular way to certain material presented in our class. We, for the sake of not triggering a memory of a past trauma, flag possibly disturbing material with a trigger warning.

gn5i2vz

WE CERTAINLY WOULDN’T WANT THIS TO HAPPEN

So far so good, right?

Uh… well…
Well, here’s a possible problem with what we’ve done – we should ask, is our assumption a bit paternalistic? Are we assuming that we know what’s best? Is the trigger warning somehow depriving a person of the ability to make their own decisions over what kind of content offends them?

61541029

Wait – before I go any further, let me define paternalism.

Paternalism is

the policy or practice on the part of people in positions of authority of restricting the freedom and responsibilities of those subordinate to them in the subordinates’ supposed best interest.
– Google

And, according to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP)

The usual justification for paternalism refers to the interests of the person being interfered with. These interests are defined in terms of the things that make a person’s life go better; in particular their physical and psychological condition.

When we act paternalistically, even if our aim is to secure the interests of others, we are, by definition, interfering with another person’s ability to choose. Paternalism acts against a person’s free agency.

 

4169385

You see, philosophers really dig the idea of autonomy. Free moral agents require autonomy. In order to act autonomously, our decisions must be our own. Our choices must be arrived at through our own rational thought processes, without interference from others. The German philosopher Immanuel Kant says autonomy must be absolute, even if our justification for interfering in someone else’s choices is for their own good (Kant was an deontologist, so consequences don’t matter).

A violation of autonomy, according to Kant, is no different than treating rational free agents as if they are mentally incompetent.

And according to Kant that’s not being very moral.

The ultimate consequence of not respecting autonomy, some argue, is this: Although a college campus may offer safe spaces from triggers on college campuses, utilizing trigger warnings are not preparing young people for the world off campus.

maxresdefault

You see, on college campuses, subject matter deemed triggering is often avoided out of fear of causing further trauma to sensitive individuals. The real world, according to trigger warning critics, is a harsh place and unpleasant situations and subject matter can’t be easily avoided.

According to the argument against trigger warnings, protecting people from everything that may offend them is shielding them from how things truly are. In turn, shielding people from life’s unpleasant realities makes people weaker. Warning people of any mention or instance of unpleasant subject matter (so as to avoid it) deprives people of the ability/responsibility to toughen up and imbues them with mistaken belief that the “real” world will accommodate their sensitivities.

A generation who is not fully equipped to deal with the real world cannot develop into or thrive as fully autonomous individuals.

As Professor of psychology and trigger warning expert, Metin Basoglu, observes, in the real world, there are “an infinite number of situations can act as triggers”.

63142071

 

We also ask, how can a college professor properly teach a class if the content/subject matter of the class triggers students? If college professors make a habit of avoiding subject matter that upsets people, then why use material on those subjects at all? The ultimate consequence of trigger warnings may not be protecting people from trauma, but a chilling effect on the expression of ideas, creativity, even the exchange of information.

Our intention may be to protect someone suffering from a prior trauma, but slapping a trigger warning may lead some to skip an article, book or class altogether.

After all, an article or class may be upsetting but it may also be informative.
And without the right information, we can’t achieve knowledge.

kangaroo
Trigger warnings may also remove context.

'I was quoted out of context!'
Listen: If a professor assigns a particular piece of work, it’s often because the work contributes to the purpose of the class.

Particular work is assigned because you’re supposed to learn something from it.

Anyone who has ever had to read Mark Twain knows that Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn contains (potentially triggering) racist language. However, avoiding the book because of it’s racist content doesn’t allow a reader to appreciate Twain’s use of racist language in context. The use of language as it was used in the American South of 19th century enables us to understand Huckleberry Finn’s character development. Should we continue to assign students to read potentially triggering material like The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Last Exit To Brooklyn, and The Great Gatsby? Should we stop reading Shakespeare and Vonnegut? Or refrain from discussing topics such as rape, suicide, bullying, mental illness, racism, homophobia, misogyny on college campuses because those topics may upset some people?

uid1c

Is this where our good intentions will lead us?

Is this where we want our good intentions to lead us?

What about the trigger warning itself? Are some people so trigger-prone that a mere trigger warning will trigger them?

your_trigger_warnings_are_triggering_me_by_meiharu-d5j2mey
So… in the end, what do we do? I honestly don’t know. My gut and feelings tells me that we should be mindful to the sensitivities of others.
And that’s not always a bad thing.

Especially if you’re an emotivist.

But as a philosopher, the whole topic gets me thinking about slippery slopes and being that guy everybody hates who says “trust me, it’s for the best”.

68926218

THAT MOMENT YOU REALIZE THAT TRUSTING PEOPLE DOESN’T  ALWAYS TURN OUT LIKE YOU PLANNED

Maybe I’m not the right person to talk about this.

I just want everyone to stay off my lawn.

 

 

 

 
SOURCES:

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/11106670/Trigger-warnings-more-harm-than-good.html

http://www.esquire.com/entertainment/a46893/double-trouble-clint-and-scott-eastwood/
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/paternalism/

Advertisements

2 thoughts on “My Pal Trigger

  1. I’d like to contend your argument that the warning detracts from autonomy. When giving a warning, you aren’t saying, “I forbid you from viewing this,” but rather saying, “View this at your own discretion.” That is the entire point. And this sort of warning does not diminish autonomy–if anything, it provides autonomy. For survivors of trauma or anyone else who is seriously triggered by certain material, a trigger warning can prevent serious reactions to a triggering situation, whether or not the elect to consume the material after seeing the warning.
    The people who neglect or outright refuse to warn about triggers are the ones taking away people’s autonomy. They are not granting those unwitting people with the choice to avoid a triggering situation. Political correctness has always been about safety and respect, and the fact that people refuse to accomodate is frankly appalling. It’s not about being “offensive,” which connotes pettiness, but rather about basic human decency.
    As a disclaimer, I will say I have only been triggered a few times in my life, all from seeing content involving domestic violence. I can, however, say that these instances were serious inhibitions to me, and if I’d been given the choice (as I would have gotten from a warning) I would have either avoided the content or I would have been better prepared to handle it.
    In short, trigger warnings are seriously necessary, and show that you care about other people and their needs. Thanks for sharing this post; it brings up a lot of good points.

    • That’s the rub, isn’t it? What’s the intent (or intended outcome) of a trigger warning? Is it merely to caution potentially upsetting content or is there something else afoot? Personally, we’ve seen both instances. We appreciate the former (a caution) — although admittedly, our trigger response is set fairly high. It’s the latter situation that we have a problem with — that someone may use potential triggering to stifle conversation. And THAT is also wrought with problems.
      There are many well-meaning people who think that it is more productive (for the whole) to avoid certain subjects. However, there also are some who want to avoid certain subjects because they feel that others should not discuss (said) topics. That kind of thinking is a bit troublesome, especially if we want to avoid becoming paternalistic or we want to respect the autonomy of others — even if a particular subject is upsetting to talk about.
      Unfortunately, to determine what a person’s motivation is, isn’t easy (if not impossible). We often end up assuming a person’s intent, and that often gets us into trouble.

      It’s a subject that certainly needs more discussion, by philosophers and laymen alike.

      CHEERS!
      TMP

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s